Marzano - Dimensions of Learning
||Positive Attitudes and Perceptions About Learning
- Feeling accepted by teacher and peers
- Perceiving order
||Acquisition and Integration of Knowledge
||learners must be guided in relating new knowledge to what they know, organizing it, and making it part of long-term memory.
Two types of knowledge:
- Declarative Knowledge — Facts, concepts, generalizations, and principles
- Procedural Knowledge — Skills, procedures, processes
||Extension and Refinement of Knowledge
||Learners must develop in-depth understanding and apply and refine that knowledge
Common reasoning processes are:
- Comparing – How are these things alike?
- Classifying – How can these be organized?
- Inductive reasoning – Based on these facts, what is your conclusion?
- Deductive reasoning - Based on this rule, what conclusions can you draw that must be true?
- Analyzing errors – How is this information misleading?
- Constructing support – What is an argument that would support this claim?
- Abstracting – To what other situations can this apply?
- Analyzing perspectives – What is the reasoning behind this perspective?
||Meaningful Use of Knowledge
||learners learn best when they need knowledge to accomplish a goal that is meaningful to them.
- Decision Making – What choice provides the best solution?
- Investigation – What do you want to find out?
- Experimental Inquiry – What if…..?
- Problem Solving – What solutions will you try?
- Invention – What do you want to make or make better?
- Systems Analysis – What happens if a key part of this system changes?
||Productive Habits of Mind
||Mental habits that learners develop that will enable them to learn on their own
- Critical Thinking
- Creative Thinking
- Self-Regulation – Metacognition
This is one group's model of a thinking skills framework they entitled “Dimensions of Thinking.” It was created
by Public Schools of North Carolina and adapted from Marzano's Dimensions of Learning (1988).
Used with permission.
At a Glance: Marzano's Dimensions of Learning
Marzano's categories of how people think is different from Bloom's in that the categories do not build upon each other. Each cognitive category is just as important as the others. The Dimensions of Learning represent elements that Marzano believes are all worthy of focus and inclusion within a unit of study.