Designing Effective Projects : Thinking Skills Frameworks
Learning Styles

In the Classroom: Learning Styles at Work
Elementary Concept: Simple Machines

VAK Visual Look for pictures of simple machines in newspapers or movies
Auditory Listen to and watch a construction worker explain how he or she uses simple machines at work
Kinesthetic Build a simple machine from clay
Left Brain/Right Brain Left Brain Follow step-by-step directions to build a simple machine
Right Brain Discuss the role that machines play in our lives
Multiple Intelligences Logical-Mathematical Break complex machines down into simple machines
Linguistic Write as essay or make a speech describing the importance of a machine
Spatial Create a presentation showing the different ways in which a simple machine is used.
Musical Compose a song about a simple machine that uses the appropriate vocabulary
Bodily-Kinesthetic Use everyday objects to create a simple machine
Interpersonal Work with a group to make a video about simple machines for pre-school children
Intrapersonal Keep a journal reflecting on how your learning about simple machines is progressing
Naturalist Find examples of simple machines in nature, such as birds’ beaks as levers


Secondary Concept: Interpretation of Allegories in Literature

VAK Visual Watch one of the Lord of the Rings movies and interpret it as an allegory
Auditory Listen to a sermon on parables or allegories from a religious perspective
Kinesthetic Make a video of an allegory
Personality Types Introvert Find an allegory that is especially meaningful to you and write an essay explaining its meaning.
Extravert Participate in a discussion of the allegory in Lord of the Flies
Sensing Compose an allegory based on something you have observed in your school
Intuitive Look at allegories from different cultures and identify patterns
Thinking Apply the components of an allegory to specifics of daily life
Feeling Write an allegory addressing an aspect of human experience that affects people’s happiness
Judging Write a detailed project plan for developing an animated allegory
Perceiving Generate a list of possible projects related to allegories and select one to work on in more detail
Multiple Intelligences Logical-Mathematical Interpret an allegory and discuss the consequences of its assumptions in a different context
Linguistic Write an original allegory
Spatial Make a model that represents an allegory
Musical Analyze the allegorical components of a song
Bodily-Kinesthetic Perform an allegory
Interpersonal Work with a group to produce a multimedia presentation about an allegory
Intrapersonal Apply the meaning of an allegory to your own life
Naturalist Write an allegory inspired by the behaviour of animals in the wild

Campbell, B. (2003). The naturalist intelligence. Seattle, WA: New Horizons for Learning.*

Cotton, K. (1998). Education for lifelong learning: Literature synthesis. ED 422608. Washington, DC: OERI.

Dunn, R. (1995). Strategies for educating diverse learners. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa.

Ennis, R. H. (2000). Goals for a critical thinking curriculum and its assessment. In A. L. Costa (Ed.), Developing minds: A resource book for teaching thinking, (pp. 44-46). Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

ERIC (1996). Multiple intelligences: Gardner's theory. ED 410226. Washington, DC: OERI.

Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice. New York: Harper Collins.

Miller, P. (2001). Learning styles: The multimedia of the mind. ED 451340.

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