Designing Effective Projects : Co-operative Learning


The Jigsaw Strategy
The jigsaw co-operative learning technique promotes better learning, improves learner motivation, and allows greater amounts of content to be studied and shared by learners in a group. The jigsaw technique was first developed by Elliot Aronson and his college learners. The technique allows for:

  • An efficient way to learn content
  • Development of listening, engagement, and empathy skills
  • A way for learners to work independently
  • Interaction among all learners

Learners are divided into small groups of five or six. Each group’s task is to learn about one aspect of a subject / learning area and become ”experts” on the subject. In this “expert” group, learners do research together and collaboratively create a report or presentation. Each learner is also individually responsible since they will teach others about the content. Once learners have become “experts” they are reassigned a new group. Each new group is formed with “experts” from the original groups. The task for each “expert” is to teach the others in their group about the content they have studied. Once all “experts” have presented, each group member has learned five or six new aspects of the subject / learning area and is ready to process the information, or group with another “expert” to create a multimedia presentation.

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