Tip Sheets

Using the Internet

Understanding the web site address

Every Web page, and every document on the Web has a unique address (URL). An example of a typical web site address is http://www.schoolnet.org.za/news/pr/index.htm

Let's have a closer look:

http:// www. school za news pr index.htm
protocol web server name (can be left out sometimes) organisation name (SchoolNet in this case) country folder sub-folder file name
  server | domain | name file and folders on the server

Indicates which convention a browser will use to access the Net. http stands for a Web site, ftp for FTP sites, gopher for gopher sites and file for a file on your computer.

Server Domain Name
Typically refers to a physical machine. In URLs for Web sites, this portion usually, but not always, begins with www.

This part points to specific folders on the Web server where a document is stored. Forward slashes are used to separate directories.

File name
This refers to an HTML document (a document written especially for the Web) and it typically ends in .htm or .html